An easy enchilada sauce is a true gift. Made from scratch from whole, dried red chiles, this sauce is soul-tinglingly delicious and really simple to make. I love it on Homemade Chicken Enchiladas, Tamales, and Chilaquiles.
What Type of Chiles Should You Use for Enchilada Sauce?
I like to use a combination of two or more types of chiles for the most complex flavor. I tend to lean heavily on New Mexico chiles in this recipe because their flavor is complex and they have just the right heat level (medium) for my taste. Ancho, Anaheim, and California chiles are descendants of the New Mexico chile and make fine substitutes.
- New Mexico chiles are a type of Anaheim chile, but hotter than those that make the milder Ancho, California, or Colorado chiles. New Mexico chiles deliver a dried fruit flavor with a hint of acidity and medium spice.
- Ancho chiles, which are dried red poblanos, have a little bit of a kick and a fruity flavor.
- Guajillo chiles are earthy and mild, with only a hint of heat.
- Pasilla chiles have a rich, raisiny flavor and are medium spicy.
Here’s a handy chart that shows the characteristics of many common dried and fresh chiles.
How to Make Authentic Red Enchilada Sauce
To make a delicious and authentic red enchilada sauce, there are a few key steps:
- Use whole dried chiles rather than chili powder for the most intense, complex flavor.
- Seed the dried chiles for both a smooth textured sauce and to prevent it from becoming too spicy.
- Toast the dried chiles very briefly. This gives the sauce a hint of smokiness. Be careful not to toast them for too long or they’ll turn bitter. Only toast them for about a minute, until they become aromatic.
- Reconstitute the toasted peppers in hot water before pureeing with garlic, onion, and other ingredients.
- Strain the sauce through a fine-meshed sieve to remove any stray seeds.
- Simmer the sauce to deepen, round out, and meld all the flavors.
I like to add plump, dark raisins, which are soaked along with the chiles, for added depth of flavor. They add a deep, rounded sweetness that balances the smokiness and spicy kick of the chiles.
Can You Freeze Enchilada Sauce?
This recipe makes enough for two recipes of Homemade Chicken Enchiladas, but the sauce freezes well. I like to keep a stash, frozen in
Way Better than Store-Bought
This sauce is so much better than anything you’ll find in a can or bottle. With this easy recipe, you’ll never be tempted by store-bought enchilada sauce again.
- 4 ounces dried New Mexico, Ancho, Guajillo, and/or Pasilla Chiles (12 to 15 chiles), stemmed and with the seeds removed
- 3/4 cup raisins
- 6 cloves garlic
- 2 tablespoons tomato paste
- 2 teaspoons ground cumin
- 2 teaspoons crumbled dried oregano
- 2 teaspoons kosher salt
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
- Bring about 4 cups of water to a boil in a kettle.
- Heat a large saucepan over high heat. Add the chiles and cook, stirring, for about 1 minute, just until the chiles become aromatic. Remove the pan from the heat and pour the boiling water the chiles. Stir in the raisins. Let the chiles and raisins rehydrate in the water for about 30 minutes.
- Add the garlic, tomato paste, cumin, oregano, and salt to the pot and use an immersion blender to puree the mixture (alternatively, you can transfer the solids and about 2 cups of the soaking water to a counter top blender and puree, then return the pureed mixture to the pot.)
- In a separate saucepan (or transfer the pureed mixture to a bowl, rinse out the pan, and use it for this step), heat the oil over medium-high heat. Sprinkle the flour over the oil and cook, whisking constantly, until the mixture begins to brown and give off a nutty aroma, 2 to 3 minutes. Reduce the heat to medium-low, add the pureed chile mixture, and simmer until the sauce thickens, 10 to 15 minutes.
- Use immediately or let cool and store in a glass jar in the refrigerator for up to a week or in a resealable plastic bag in the freezer for up to 3 months.
1. If the chilies are very spicy, you can substitute chicken broth, vegetable broth, or water for some or all of the soaking liquid. In step 3, before pureeing, strain the mixture through a fine-meshed sieve and use the solids, discarding the soaking water, if desired. Replace the soaking water with 3 to 4 cups of chicken broth, vegetable broth, or water.
Amount Per Serving Calories 46 Total Fat 2g Saturated Fat 0g Trans Fat 0g Unsaturated Fat 1g Cholesterol 0mg Sodium 267mg Carbohydrates 8g Net Carbohydrates 0g Fiber 1g Sugar 5g Sugar Alcohols 0g Protein 1g